Massachusetts Institute of Technology
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (known as MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts. MIT has five schools and one college; together there are a total of 32 academic departments. MIT focuses on scientific and technological education and research.
MIT was founded in 1861 as a response to the increasing industrialization of the United States of America. Early on, its emphasis was on laboratory instruction and this has continued to the present day MIT. This emphasis on applied technologies at both the graduate and undergraduate levels has enabled MIT to establish and maintain close ties and cooperation with most levels of US industry. Many industry leaders in computers, the internet, architecture, design, healthcare, engineering, manufacturing, defense, finance, consulting, education, and biotechnology attended and/or graduated from MIT.
Famous alumni of MIT include current Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke, former US Secretary of State George Schultz, former New Hampshire US Senator John E. Sununu, former New Hampshire governor (and White House chief of staff under President George H.W. Bush) John H. Sununu, former CEO of Hewlett-Packard Carly Fiorina, co-founder of Hewlett-Packard Williams R Hewlett, Steve Kirsch (he invented the optical mouse), and Helen Greiner (co-founder of iRobot).
All work and no play would make MIT graduates dull fellows indeed, so the expanded Zesiger sports and fitness center (informally known as the “Z” Center) offers 10 buildings and 26 acres of playing fields. The Zesiger main building is 124000 square feet and features an Olympic-size swimming pool, a 25 yard instructional swimming pool, international-scale squash courts, massage suite, stretching and exercise spaces, and a two-story fitness center.
For the school year 2011-2012 MIT enrolled nearly 4400 undergraduates and slightly over 6500 graduate students. Women made up 45% of MIT admissions as undergraduates and 31% of admissions of graduate students. There were 17,909 applications to MIT for the class of 2015; 1,742 applications were accepted (9.7 percent of all applications), and 1128 of those admitted actually enrolled. Graduate programs received 19,446 applications with 2991 being accepted. 1,880 of those who were accepted actually chose to enroll.
Like any private school, MIT is expensive. 2012 tuition and fees for an undergraduate are nearly $41,000.00 with additional annual expenses of $57,000.00 per year.
MIT was technically coeducational from 1870 onwards, but women made up less than 3% of admissions until 1962 when the first wing of a women’s dormitory was built.